Mubende Orphans Support Organization (MOSO)

Uganda




Executive Summary:


Relatives look after orphans and vulnerable children, so when it comes to choice the orphans and other vulnerable children are left out in preference to the biological children.


Yet in Mubende town council, there are many polygamous families due to the cultural norms regardless the income of such families. Over 38% of children in Mubende town council have lost one or both parents to the HIV/AIDS epidemic; that percentage is expected to triple within the next decades based on these estimates made; extended families and communities’ social safety net in Mubende are being seriously over stretched by the impact of AIDS/HIV.


Most adults in their most productive years leave children behind to be raised by relatives, others are left on there own in house hold headed by children/living on streets.


Things worsen when orphans themselves develop HIV symptoms but without the necessary support to prevent them from passing on the virus to others in the house hold.


As children present the next generation of potentially infected young adults, interventions focused on OVC’s, and their caregivers can stem the fide of the epidemic by preventing new infections in the next generations.


Poverty is another leading factor to HIV/AIDS transmission that surfaces to almost every youth in Mubende town.


Unemployment is common to all youth, adults, graduates and illiterates.


Mubende town being in urban area characterized with Disco’s, Video shows, Films, bars and many others.


To address this phenomenon of this magnitude a radically new approach is required. Traditional development approach just will not work. The challenge is to provide timely and cost effective support that respond to the scale and scope of the problem.


This proposal is therefore aiming at improving the health standards, restoring hope to the OVC’s who have remained orphans at a very tender age without any plan for future and that this will play a roll in the prevalence reduction by 2012.












INTRODUCTION:


The organization was formed by widows and widowers who realized the need to help orphans and vulnerable children IT IS A NON PROFIT MAKING ORGANISATIUON formed on 27 /7/2005’ MOSO is a fully registered AS community Based organization (CBO). Its registration number is CD/223/1008/06.


THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR IS MR KISSAKA ARONE

SECRITARY IS MS PEREPETUA EBONS

TTESURER IS MS KABUGHO EUNICE

LOCATION:

The office of the organization is at Butoologo Diary, Kiwalabye road, Kasaana parish, Opposite Mubende Works P.O.BOX 349 Mubende.

Contact: KISSAKA ARONE

Email: kissakarone@yahoo.com, muborphan@gmail.com.



VISION:

An organized, recognized, and coordinated network of orphans for a contribution towards the Mubende town council efforts to have a quality, healthy, socially responsible and economically productive population free from HIV/AIDS.



MISSION:

To mobilize, unit, support-building capacities and coordinate all orphans and care givers in Mubende town Council or a right involvement in the prevention, treatment, care, support and in the fight against HIV/AIDS.



AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:



ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE:

It consists of the general assembly, executive, secretariat, and small sectoral committees from three psychosocial support groups.

Representative from the three support group members of the organization

The general assembly is a supreme body.


GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE:

Mubende orphans support organization (MOSO) operates in Mubende Town council and the surrounded areas.


It is found in Buwekula County, Mubende District. Capital city kampala It has different social and ethnic tribes i.e. Baganda, Bakiga. Bafumbira, Banyankole, Iteso, Bagisu, Basoga, Banyarwanda, Bakonjo etc….


Accordance to 2002 population census, it had a population of 12, 228 people of which 6,495 were women and 5,773 were men. 62% of the total population is below the age of 18, worse still 38% of these children are orphans (District population office).


The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in MTC is 28% (RCE-JCRC/Mubende Hospital data as 2006/7).

Mubende town Council is located in a dry belt area and it is generously hilly.


PREVIOUS EXPERIENCES:

MOSO has fully been engaged in all HIV/AIDS preventive activities like at Mubende Hospital/JCRC HIV/AIDS Clinic where the organization expert clients bridge the gap in counseling for ART, VCT and community mobilization through Radio program presentations support by Mubende hospital or JCRC. Its members are of different professional fields like Social science, education Architecture and health workers who work on voluntary basis as part time workers. We also network with the existing structure, i.e. community workers, Rotary Club of Mubende, KULIKA UGANDA and local leaders.


















Volunteers of Moso attending a seminar on HIV/ AIDS CONDUCTED BY KULIKA FUNDERS


The organization currently receives funds from its membership and well-wishers. It has not yet got a potential funder but trying to fundraise by writing proposals.



PROBLEM STATEMENT:


As Mubende district suffer the attack of HIV/AIDS epidemic with the current prevalence rate of 18% which is higher than 7.4% of the nation. In addition, the prevalence rate of Mubende town Council being at 28% as per JCRC-Mubende hospital (2006-2007) convinces a thereat to a high rate of vulnerable children, youth and adults (DDH’S Data as 2006). The HIV/AIDS problem is producing orphans on a shocking scale.

This deeply reflects feature of high infection rate among youth and adults.


It is on record that out of every four counted households in MTC bears an orphan.

The population of Mubende town Council is characterized by a high number of youths totaling to 40% of the population. The high rate of transmission has created greater negative impact on the social economic development within the area and costs of caring for a sick family continued with the decrease in house hold income leaves many AIDS affected families impoverished as it leads to greater risk of malnutrition, illness, abuse and sexual exploitation than children orphaned by other causes do.


Unlike other places, Mubende town Council, lack a strong community social support system to combat for HIV/AIDS related activities. The problem has worsened due to the low economic status of family caused by increased number of dependant ratio where even youths below 18 years head families because of HIV/AIDS.


MOSO therefore suggests that there must be a project to address this problem. As most vulnerable families in the area have inadequate incomes to educate their children in schools and meet family needs and health services. The situation described above violates the fundamental human rights of children and create no future hope to the OVC’s as well as caregivers.


GAPS;

Below are intended gaps to be addressed by MOSO


The organization therefore, suggests this project program to address such gaps.


Improving the health standards of people

The population of Uganda is estimated at 25 million people and its projected to double by the year 2025 because of high population growth rate of 3.4 percent per annum. The population is young with more than half below 18 years of age and only 2 percent being above 65 years of age.

A fifth of the population is below five years while a quarter is of primary school age (6-12 years).


POVERTY:

Poverty prevents the enjoyment of basic human rights, security, and well-being. The rapidly increasing population of Uganda coupled with low resource base put significant pressure on the delivery of basic social services, particularly to the venerable.


Poverty remains high and its prevalence varies by population group, religion, and rural /urban divide. In Uganda, 38 percent of the populations live in absolute poverty with children constituting 62 percent of the poor. The number of children who live below the poverty line is likely to rise due to the high fertility rate, HIV/AIDS, Other preventable diseases and insecurity.

Other causes of poverty include limited access and control of productive assets especially by women, limited utilization of improved production technologies, large families, alcoholism, and unemployment, under employment, lack of markets, inadequate opportunities for education, and lack of information.


HEALTH STATUS:

Despite the efforts of the Health sector in service delivery, the demand for health is growing while access to health services at the community level remains limited. The cost of ill health, which includes treatment costs, productivity loss and interrupted school attendance is crippling, particularly to orphan and care giver families and the poor.


EDUCATION:

Education as a measure of fighting poverty and reducing vulnerability is one of the top priorities for the children. The government has given due attention to basic education, resulting in substantial increase in primary school enrollment, particularly for the poorest quintile and the girl child.


Unfortunately, there has been a decline in primary school retention in the past few years due to high drop out rates. Further regional, rural, and urban disparities still in school enrollment with a high proportion of children enrolled in urban areas and are relatively more prosperous in central region. The main barriers to access and full participation of children in education include, costs of scholastic and basic requirements, costs of post primary schooling, disability, ill health, early marriage, teenage pregnancy, sexual harassment, heavy burden, (Uganda Demographic and Health survey (2000/2001) of house holds chores, distance to school, insecurity and poor nutrition or no meals both in schools and at home. In spite of the universal primary Education (UPE) programme, 3 percent of primary school age children were not in school. In addition, many more children who were in school were not consistently attending classes. Consequently, the transition rate from primary to post primary and tertiary levels has been low and very few children are now likely to complete primary and continue to higher levels of education.


HIV/AIDS:

Since the pandemic started, the country has lost about one million people and this has contributed significantly to an estimated 2.3 million orphans. Approximately 14 percent of children in Uganda less than 18 years of age are orphans, among those, 20 percent of children 6-17 years are orphans, Even if the fresh HIV infections ceased to day, the population already infected constitute a massive potential for swelling the number of orphans in the country. Uganda communities have traditionally absorbed orphans within the extended family system. One in four households in Uganda foster at least one orphan by providing for health, shelter, nutrition, education and other needs. However, many of these care givers are over burdened and often lack the socio-economic capacity to provide adequate care and support for these children. Community organization, religious bodies and other civil society members have stepped in by providing information, vocation skill trainings, basic education, and medical care, counseling, and micro-credit services. These groups too often lack the human and financial resources to adequately respond to the problems.


Many children who are orphaned are forced to live on the streets or under exploitative conditions of labour, sexual abuse, many live in child, headed households they have to feed for them selves and support their younger siblings. Some of these children are infected with HIV either through mother-to-child transmission or through defilement. (Uganda Demographic and Health survey (2000/20001) Situation Analysis of orphans (2000)


The situation of Orphans and other vulnerable children:

Uganda communities have traditionally absorbed orphans within the extended family system. One in four households in Uganda foster at least one orphan by providing for health, shelter, nutrition, education and other needs. However, many of these caregivers are over burdened and often lack the socio-economic capacity to provide adequate care and support for these children. Community organizations, religious bodies and other civil society members have stepped in by providing information, vocation skill training, basic education, and medical care, counseling, and micro-credit services. These groups too often lack the human and financial resources to adequately respond to the problems.

Many children who are orphaned are forced to live the street or under exploitative conditions of labour, sexual abuse, many live in child, headed house holds they have to feed for them selves and support their young siblings. Some of these children are infected with HIV either through mother-to –child transmission or through defilement.



Some of the sponsored children by MOSO.




OVERVIEW ON THE VULNERABLE AND ORPHAN CHILDREN:

What are `` Vulnerability’’ and Vulnerable population’’ in the context of HIV/AIDS?

Vulnerability to HIV infection arises from circumstances that are beyond the direct control of the people involved. Such circumstance includes poverty, low social status, inequality, gender discrimination, marginalization, and criminalization. Among other things, these circumstances also reduce or deny a person access to HIV information services, means of prevention and support. Gender inequalities increase the vulnerability of both men and women to HIV infection. (Parliamentary HIV/ AIDS communication Tool kit June 2004)

Orphans and Vulnerable children:

Orphans are children under 18 years who have either lost one or both parents. Vulnerable children include all those living in difficult circumstances:















A female volunteer attending to orphans at the orphanage centre.



According to the reports from the health services indicates that HIV/AIDS and Malaria are the major diseases affecting the children in the area and would not be addressed adequately by any single intervention. Multiple intervention are needed to respond to the broad range of needs of children, their families and communities fostering linkages between HIV/AIDS and malaria prevention activities, home based care and efforts to support the needy communities where orphans and other vulnerable children live.


To respond to the immensity of this crisis requires a precedence mobilization of resources from the global community donors, and a new mechanism needed is to ensure that resources and support move directly to the vulnerable communities that care for support the affected and infected by HIV/AIDS.


Mubende orphan support in its attempt to give support to orphans and vulnerable children has been able to organize community meetings for households with orphans and vulnerable children in some parishes of Mubende Town council and the neighbouring areas. The organization has equally conducted dialogue meetings for the affected children (Orphans and vulnerable children) discuss and laying strategies to over come problems affecting them.


The organization has enough capacity of skilled human resource to implement the project and as an affected community organization stands directly to receive and render the support.


Therefore we do believe that if the proposed proposal if not implemented, the number of OVC’s will continue to suffer and dropout from schools. Many will loose hope for their future hence generating a frustrated cropping future society.

More still if the problem is not solved female orphans will continue to go for early marriages, defilement cases, HIV prevalence rates will go high, and levels of literacy will also be low and therefore no development in the area.


GOAL.

IMPROVE ON THE ORPHANS AND VULNERABLE CHILDREN FAMILIES TO RAISE THEIR INCOMES IN MUBENDE TOWN COUNCIL.


Objectives.


PROJECT STARTEGY/PPROACH/METHODOLOGY.

The principle strategy will be to provide support to vulnerable families as the way of improving household income. Selected area families will be given a pair of piglets while other selected families will receive chicken. The program will continue as they produce. The programme shall be implemented by (MOSO) Staff, hired experts and as per SAVE THE CHILD UGANDA guidelines.


Mobilization of the affected families will be through local councils (LC1s) schools, CBO. Churches, mosques, and parish development committees.


EXPECTED OUTPUTS.


INPUTS.

Personal, Training materials, Newsprint, manila cards, makers, masking tape, Scholastic materials.



ACTIVITIES.

  1. Strengthen a coordination office with requirements.

  2. Support Orphans and venerable children scholastic materials.

  3. Training workshop to open up a running project for income generating activities; piggery, chicken keeping.

  4. Construction of animal/families and birds houses in OVC’s families/procure of quality piglets and chicks for OVC’s families/procure of quality piglets and chicks for OVC’s.

  5. Establish community participatory monitoring and evaluation project continuity. WE CALL FOR ANY ORGANISATION WITH SAME ROLLS AND OBJECTIVES TO PARTNER WITH US

  6. TOGETHER WE CAN RESTORE PEACE FOR ORPHANS AND VOLUNAREBLE CHILDREN

FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT THE DIRECTOR ON 0773230180

Narrative summary

Key Performance indicator

Monitoring & supervision

& risks.

Goal;

Improve on the orphans and vulnerable children families to raise their incomes in Mubende town council.

Improved family incomes and healthy livelihoods of the orphans, and vulnerable children and their care givers. Number of workshops organized.

Increase in school attendance and students behavioral change improved.

No. of mother stocks in place.

Household survey/monitoring report.

Workshop reports

Attendance lists

No. of mother animal stock.

Animal houses.

Class registers

Head teachers’ reports.

If activity is funded and growth rate at household level is sustained.

AIM

Improve on the health standards of OVC’s families in Mubende town council.

More orphans and vulnerable children will get to the most basic needs

Reports on increased Enrollment from schools.

Reduce child labour in town.

If the project secure the funder and programs are implemented.

OUT PUT.

Most of orphans and vulnerable children will be enrolled and supported for education.

Increased number orphans in schools.

Head teachers reports Registers of class teacher.

If the programme is implemented and orphans and vulnerable children are sensitized.

Increased respect of human rights

OVC’s will enjoy protection of their basic human rights.

Monitoring reports from OVC’s themselves.

If the programme is implemented and community is sensitized.

Improved house income with creation of income generating project.

Increased amount of income/savings per household

Survey/monitoring reports.

If the community is sensitized.

Increased food security.

No of people or households rearing pigs and chicks.

Monthly reports

No major drought that could affect the animal production.

Empower (MOSO

) with seed capital to enable it monitor organization activities.

Organization monitoring time table pined

Monitoring reports filed

If the proposed project proposal is funded.


Detailed Budget.

Activity

Item

Unit

Quantity

Freq.

Unit Cost

Total cost

Strengthen a coordination office

Procure a computer set

1

1

1

3,000,000

3,000,000

Procure an office cabin

1

1

1

1,000,000

1,000,000

Subtotals

4,000,000

Support OVC’s with Scholastic materials

School uniform and shoes

50 OVC’s

1

1

20,000

1,000,000

School bags

50 OVC’s

1

1

10,000

500,000

Geometry sets

50 OVC’s

11

1

1,500

75,000

Subtotals

1,675,000

Conduct a training workshop for income

Mobilization fee

Person

1

1

50,000

50,000

Lunch

30 Plates

Day

4

3,000

360,000

Facilitation fee

Person

Day

4

100,000

400,000

Generating activities

Newsprint

Role

1

2

30,000

60,000


Makers

Packet

1

2

10,000

20,000


Note books

Books

30

1

1,500

45,000


Masking tape

Role

1

2

2,500

5,000


Pens

Packet

2

1

10,000

20,000


Venue

Hall

1

4

50,000

200,000


Participants transport refund

Person

30

4

5,000

600,000

Subtotal






1,760,000

Provision of seed capital for home income generating activity (running projects).

Sty construction

sty

1

4

525,000

2,100,000


Pigs

Breed

2

2

40,000

320,000


Feeds

Kg

150

8

200

240,000


Drugs and Treatment

1

1

8

6,000

48,000


Chicken house

1

House

15

122,000

1,830,000


Chick local breed

1 chick

60

1

5,000

300,000


Feeds

Bag

15

1

35,000

525,000


Drugs and Treatment

packet

1

13

10,500

137,000


Nets, trays and water troughs

Roll

15 families

1

32,000

480,000

Subtotal s






5,980,500

Administration, monitoring and Evaluation

A-Quarterly meeting-Lunch/Refreshments

Ex. Com staff

12 pple

4

3,000

144,000


B. Coordination/staff acting allowance for support supervision

2 staff

Monthly

12

300,000

3,600,000


C-Communication

Air time

Monthly

12

5,000

60,000


D-Annual general evaluation meeting

- Mobilization fee

Person

1

1

50,000

50,000


- Refreshments

person

60 people

1

1,000

60,000


E-Others

Stationery

Reports

4

25,000

100,000



Photographs

Monthly

12

5,000

60,000

Sub totals






4,074,000

GRAND TOTAL






17,489,500





Contact:


EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR MR KISSAKA ARONE

SECRITARY IS MS PEREPETUA EBONS

TRESURER IS MS KABUGHO EUNICE

LOCATION:

The office of the organization is at Butoologo Diary, Kiwalabye road, Kasaana parish, Opposite Mubende Works P.O.BOX 349 Mubende.

Contact: KISSAKA ARONE

Email: kissakarone@yahoo.com, muborphan@gmail.com.





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